Cyclamens are particularly susceptible to grey mould caused by Botrytis cinerea. This causes a grey fuzzy mould on infected plant parts, and also attacks the stalks of developing leaves and flowers, causing them to collapse.
What is grey mould?
Grey mould is a disease caused by the fungus Botrytis cinerea. It normally enters through a wound or infects plants under stress, but will infect healthy plants as well, especially under humid conditions.
Cyclamens grown under glass are among the most commonly infected plants, but B. cinerea affects a wide range of other plants. Attacks can be expected at all times of year.
You may see the following symptoms:
- On flowers: Small discoloured spots appear. If conditions are sufficiently humid these spread rapidly and cause the flowers to go brown and shrivel
- On leaf and flower stalks: The fungus causes the stalks of developing leaves and flowers to collapse
- On all infected parts: Under humid conditions the fungus grows out from the dead tissues to produce a grey, fuzzy mould. Black seed-like structures can form in dead tissues (these are often overlooked)
- Maintain good hygiene and do not allow dead plant material to accumulate either on plants in the greenhouse or as rubbish. Remove dead leaves and flowers promptly and destroy
- Maintain good air circulation and do not overcrowd plants
There are no chemical controls available to gardeners. The products based on plant and fish oil blends (Vitax Organic 2 in 1) may be used on all plants, but carry no recommendations by the manufacturers for use against grey mould diseases.
Botrytis cinerea is a very common saprophytic fungus (a micro-organism living on dead organic material), which produces large quantities of airborne spores under humid conditions. These spores can infect living plant tissues under certain circumstances. Healthy green tissues are usually only infected through wounds. Some more delicate tissues, such as flowers and ripening fruit, may be attacked even though they are not wounded. Very humid conditions favour both the initial infection and the subsequent spread through the tissues.
The fungus forms black seed-like resting structures (sclerotia) in dead tissues. These germinate to generate sexual structures which in turn release a second, sexual spore. These can initiate infections, but most of the damage is done by spread of the airborne, asexual spores (conidia) released from the fuzzy grey fungal growth.