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Aloe vera AGM

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© RHS 1968

Characteristics

Plant type

Cactus/Succulent, Houseplant or Conservatory/Greenhouse

Habit

Tufted

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort

Resilience

Hardiness

H1b (heated greenhouse - subtropical)

Colour

Flower

Yellow and Pale Green in Summer

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

0.5-1 metres

Ultimate spread

0.5-1 metres

Time to ultimate height

5-10 years


Preferred common name

Barbados aloe

Family

Asphodelaceae


Aloe can be mat-forming or shrubby evergreen perennials, with rosettes of fleshy leaves and small tubular flowers in racemes or panicles

A. vera is an evergreen perennial to 0.6m, forming rosettes of fleshy, narrow, dull green leaves with spiny margins, with long racemes of tubular greenish-yellow flowers 3cm in length in racemes to 90cm in length

Other common names

  • Barbados aloe
  • bitter aloes
  • CuraƧao aloe

Synonym(s)

  • Aloe barbadensis
  • Aloe perfoliata

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow under glass in a loam-based potting compost with added extra grit. Water moderately when in growth; very sparingly when dormant. Apply a balanced liquid fertiliser 2 or 3 times in the growing season

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid, Neutral or Alkaline
  • Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed sown with heat as soon as ripe or from offsets

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Mediterranean Climate Plants or Patio/Container Plants


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

Can get scale insects and mealybugs

Diseases

Generally disease free