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Amelanchier lamarckii AGM

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© RHS

Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub or Tree

Habit

Columnar/Upright

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Bronze in Spring
Green in Summer
Orange and Red in Autumn

Fruit

Dark Purple and Dark Red in Summer

Size

Ultimate height

8-12 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

snowy mespilus

Family

Rosaceae


Amelanchier are small deciduous trees or shrubs with showy white flowers in early spring, red to purple fruits and often good autumn colour

A. lamarckii is a large erect deciduous shrub or small tree of open habit, with bronze-tinged young leaves turning orange and red in autumn. White flowers in short erect racemes. Fruit a red to purple berry, soon eaten by birds

Other common names

  • juneberry

Synonym(s)

  • Amelanchier botryapium DC. non (L. f.) Borkh.
  • Amelanchier canadensis K. Koch
  • Amelanchier canadensis var. botryapium
  • Amelanchier confusa Schmeil & Fitschen non Hylander.
  • Amelanchier laevis
  • Amelanchier laevis f. villosa

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, East-facing, South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered or Exposed

Cultivation

Grow in moist, lime free, well-drained soil. The best autumn colour is achieved when grown in full sun

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid or Neutral
  • Clay or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by seed and semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types

City/Courtyard Gardens, Hedging/Screens, Wildlife Gardens or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

Fireblight may be a problem