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Malus domestica 'Bramley's Seedling' (C) AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree or Fruit (edible)

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Pink in Spring

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer

Fruit

Green and Red in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

5-10 years


Preferred common name

apple 'Bramley's Seedling'

Family

Rosaceae


Malus are small to medium-sized deciduous trees with showy flowers in spring and ornamental or edible fruit in autumn; some have good autumn foliage colour

'Bramley's Seedling' is a culinary apple that is vigorous and partially tip bearing. It can grow to 2.5-8m in height and width, depending on the rootstock. Pale pink flowers are followed by fruit that can be used from November to February

Synonym(s)

  • Malus domestica 'Bramley'
  • Malus domestica 'Bramley's Original'
  • Malus 'Bramleys Seedling'

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Best suited to growing as a bush or spindlebush on dwarfing or semi dwarfing rootstock. A triploid so not an effective pollinator; should be grown with 2 other cultivars. Keep a clear area around the trunk of at least 60cm radius. Thin fruit as required

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Neutral
  • Loam, Clay or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by budding or grafting onto a clonal rootstock. The rootstock used will effect the size of the plant

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural, City/Courtyard Gardens, Cottage/Informal Garden or Patio/Container Plants


How to care

Pruning

Regular pruning required; semi tip bearing

Pests

Aphids, woolly aphid, fruit tree red spider mite, mussel scale, codling moth and caterpillars are the main pests on edible apples

Diseases

Susceptible to apple scab; susceptible to the disorder bitter pit