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Monarda 'Cambridge Scarlet'

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© RHS 2000

Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Clump-forming

Fragrance

Leaf

Resilience

Hardiness

old H4 (hardy)

Colour

Flower

Red in Autumn and Summer

Foliage

Bronze and Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer

Size

Ultimate height

0.5-1 metres

Ultimate spread

0.1-0.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

bergamot 'Cambridge Scarlet'

Family

Lamiaceae


Monarda can be annuals or clump-forming herbaceous perennials with aromatic, ovate leaves and terminal whorls of 2-lipped, tubular flowers from summer to early autumn

'Cambridge Scarlet' is an herbaceous perennial forming a clump to 90cm in height, with aromatic, bronze-tinged, lanceolate leaves and terminal whorls of deep scarlet, two-lipped flowers

Synonym(s)

  • Monarda didyma 'Cambridge Scarlet'

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, East-facing or West-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Protect from excessive winter wet and do not allow to dry out in summer. Lift and divide every three years.

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Clay, Loam, Chalk or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by division in spring or root basal cuttings in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Wildlife Gardens or Prairie Planting


How to care

Pruning

Deadhead regularly then cut stems down to the ground in autumn

Pests

May be attacked by slugs

Diseases

May be subject to powdery mildews