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Monstera deliciosa (F) AGM

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© RHS 2003

Characteristics

Plant type

Conservatory/Greenhouse or Shrub

Habit

Climbing

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort; skin and eye irritant

Resilience

Hardiness

H1b (heated greenhouse - subtropical)

Colour

Flower

White in Spring and Summer

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Cream in Autumn and Summer

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

1.5-2.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

Swiss cheese plant

Family

Araceae


Monstera are evergreen climbing shrubs with aerial roots, and usually ovate leaves which are often pinnately cut or lobed; arum-like flowerheads with white spathes arise from the leaf axils on mature plants

M. deliciosa is an evergreen shrub to 5m or more, climbing by aerial roots, with heart-shaped, pinnatisect and often perforated, glossy deep green leaves to 90cm; flower spathes 30cm, white, followed by cone-like cream fruit

Other common names

  • ceriman
  • custard plant
  • fruit salad plant
  • Indian ivy
  • Mexican breadfruit
  • monstera

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow outdoors in humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in partial shade in a sheltered frost-free area. Grow under glass in loam-based compost in bright indirect light with moderate to high humidity

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed, root tip or leaf cuttings or by layering in summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Sub-tropical, Patio/Container Plants or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pests

May be attacked by glasshouse red spider mite, thrips, mealybugs and scale insects under glass

Diseases

Generally disease free