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Papaver rhoeas

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Annual/Biennial

Habit

Columnar/Upright

Origin

Native to the UK

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Red in Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer

Size

Ultimate height

0.5-1 metres

Ultimate spread

0.1-0.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

1-2 years


Preferred common name

common poppy

Family

Papaveraceae


Papaver can be annuals, biennials or herbaceous perennials with simple or pinnately divided leaves and short-lived, saucer-shaped, 4-petalled flowers which may be solitary or in racemes

P. rhoeas is an erect annual to 75 cm, with pinnately lobed oblong leaves and solitary, bright scarlet bowl-shaped flowers in summer

Other common names

  • African rose
  • blind-eyes
  • blue-eyes
  • canker
  • canker rose
  • cheese couls
  • cheese cowl
  • cock rose
  • cop rose
  • copper rose
  • corn poppy
  • corn rose
  • cornflower
  • field poppy
  • Flanders poppy
  • headache plant
  • headaches
  • prophetic leaf
  • red cornflower
  • red poppy
  • redweed
  • Shirley poppy
  • thunder flower
  • wind rose

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in any well-drained fertile soil in full sun

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Loam, Chalk or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Low Maintenance, Wildflower meadow or Wildlife Gardens


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be attacked by aphids

Diseases

May be subject to a downy mildew