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Parrotia persica

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© RHS 1999

Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub or Tree

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H7 (very hardy)

Colour

Flower

Red in Spring and Winter

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer
Orange and Red in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

wider than 8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

Persian ironwood

Family

Hamamelidaceae


Parrotia are deciduous trees with broadly ovate leaves which colour well in autumn, and small but abundant red flowers in late winter and early spring

P. persica is a wide-spreading, often multi-stemmed deciduous tree or large shrub to 8m, with attractive flaking bark. Leaves turn yellow, red and purple in autumn. Small crimson flowers on bare twigs

Other common names

  • iron tree
  • ironwood

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, East-facing, South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered or Exposed

Cultivation

Grow in a well-drained or moist but well-drained soil in sun or partial shade; well suited to an open woodland setting

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by semi-hardwood or softwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

Generally disease free