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Parthenocissus quinquefolia

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Climber/Wall Shrub

Habit

Climbing

Resilience

Hardiness

H7 (very hardy)

Colour

Flower

Green in Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer
Orange and Red in Autumn

Fruit

Black and Dark Blue in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

5-10 years


Preferred common name

Virginia creeper

Family

Vitaceae


Parthenocissus are vigorous deciduous climbers with either tendrils or disk-like suckers, and lobed or palmate leaves which often colour brilliantly in autumn. Inconspicuous green flowers are sometimes followed by attractive blue or black berries

P. quinquefolia is a vigorous large deciduous climber. Leaves with five ovate leaflets, turning bright red and orange in autumn. Flowers inconspicuous; berries blue-black

Other common names

  • American ivy
  • American woodbine
  • false grape
  • five-leaved ivy
  • five-leaves
  • true Virginia creeper
  • wild wood vine
  • woodbine

Synonym(s)

  • Ampelopsis hederacea
  • Ampelopsis quinquefolia
  • Cissus mexicana DC.
  • Parthenocissus inserta (A. Kern) Fritsch
  • Vitis quinquefolia

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade
  • Full shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing, East-facing or North-facing
  • Sheltered or Exposed

Cultivation

For the best autumn colour, site in partial shade or full shade. It thrives in any fertile, well-drained soil

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained or Well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by layering or hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Wall-side Borders


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 11 in early winter, can also be cut back in summer if need be

Diseases

Generally disease free