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Phoenix canariensis AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Palm or Conservatory/Greenhouse

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H1c (heated greenhouse - warm temperate)

Colour

Flower

Cream and Pale Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Red and Yellow in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

wider than 8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

Canary Island date palm

Family

Arecaceae


Phoenix are evergreen palms with solitary or clustered stems and narrowly oblong, pinnate leaves with linear segments, and drooping panicles of yellow flowers followed by fleshy ellipsoid fruits

P. canariensis is a tree-like palm to 15m or more, with a stout trunk and spreading deep green leaves to 5m in length, pinnately divided into many linear leaflets; drooping panicles of creamy-yellow flowers, followed by reddish-yellow fruits

Other common names

  • Canary date palm
  • slender date palm

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Part shade

Aspect

  • East-facing or North-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow under glass or as a houseplant in a loam-based compost in bright indirect light. When in growth water moderately and feed with a balanced fertiliser once a month. Water sparingly in winter

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid or Neutral
  • Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed sown at not less than 25ÂșC

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural or Patio/Container Plants


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be attacked by glasshouse red spider mite, thrips, mealybugs and scale insects

Diseases

Generally disease free