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Pinus muricata

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© RHS 2001

Characteristics

Plant type

Conifer or Tree

Habit

Columnar/Upright

Resilience

Hardiness

H4 (hardy - average winter)

Colour

Foliage

Dark Green and Dark Grey/Silver in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Dark Brown in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

Bishop pine

Family

Pinaceae


Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

P. muricata is a medium-sized evergreen tree developing a narrow, flat-topped crown, with stiff, green to dark grey-green needles to 12cm in length, in pairs. Prickly ovoid cones persist on the tree for many years

Other common names

  • Bishop's pine

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in any well-drained soil. Suitable for exposed sites

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be attacked by adelgids, aphids, sawflies/sawfly and pine shoot moth

Diseases

May be subject to pine needle cast