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Pinus radiata

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© RHS 1999

Characteristics

Plant type

Conifer or Tree

Habit

Columnar/Upright

Resilience

Hardiness

H4 (hardy - average winter)

Colour

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Brown in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

wider than 8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

Monterey pine

Family

Pinaceae


Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

P. radiata is a vigorous evergreen conifer making a large tree to 30m or more, developing a broad rounded crown with maturity. Dense dark green needles in threes, and persistent, conical-ovoid cones to 15cm in length

Other common names

  • radiata pine

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in any well-drained soil. Suitable for coastal areas. Fast growing

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Coastal, Hedging/Screens or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be attacked by adelgids, aphids, sawflies/sawfly and pine shoot moth

Diseases

May be subject to pine needle cast