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Pinus sylvestris

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© RHS 1997

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree or Conifer

Habit

Columnar/Upright

Origin

Native to the UK

Resilience

Hardiness

H7 (very hardy)

Colour

Flower

Pale Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Green and Grey/Silver in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Brown in Autumn

Stem

Brown and Orange in

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

wider than 8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

Scots pine

Family

Pinaceae


Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

P. sylvestris is a large evergreen tree to 25m, with the upper trunk and branches orange-brown, developing a picturesque, irregular outline with maturity. Twisted grey-green needles are borne in pairs. Cones 5cm in length

Other common names

  • Archangel redwood
  • Baltic redwood
  • bish apples
  • European turpentine
  • Norway fir
  • red deal
  • Scotch fir
  • Scotch pine
  • Scots fir
  • yellow deal

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in any well-drained soil. Can be used in native plantings

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Coastal, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance or Wildlife Gardens


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be attacked by adelgids, aphids, sawflies/sawfly and pine shoot moth

Diseases

May be subject to pine needle cast