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Polygonatum odoratum

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Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Spreading / Branched

Fragrance

Flower

Toxicity

All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested

Resilience

Hardiness

old H4 (hardy)

Colour

Flower

Cream and Green in Spring and Summer

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer

Fruit

Black in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

0.5-1 metres

Ultimate spread

0.1-0.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

angular Solomon's seal

Family

Asparagaceae


Polygonatum are rhizomatous herbaceous perennials with erect or arching stems bearing glossy, elliptic leaves and pendent, tubular or bell-shaped flowers, sometimes followed by black or red berries

P. odoratum is a perennial with arching stems bearing elliptic leaves and, in each axil, one or two fragrant, tubular, green-tipped, creamy-white flowers

Other common names

  • angled Solomon's seal

Synonym(s)

  • Polygonatum japonicum
  • Polygonatum officinale
  • Polygonatum vulgare

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade
  • Full shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, East-facing, West-facing or North-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in any fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in full sun, partial shade or shade

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Clay, Loam, Chalk or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by division in spring taking care not to damage young brittle shoots

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs, Flower borders and beds or Cut Flowers


How to care

Pruning

Cut back to the base in late autumn

Pests

May be attacked by slugs and sawflies

Diseases

Generally disease free