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Primula veris (Pr) AGM

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© RHS 1984

Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Clump-forming

Origin

Native to the UK

Fragrance

Flower

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Dark Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

0.1-0.5 metres

Ultimate spread

0-0.1 metre

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

common cowslip

Family

Primulaceae


Primula are herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennials, forming a basal rosette of simple leaves, with salver-shaped or bell-shaped flowers which may be solitary or carried in an umbel or in whorls on an erect stem

Primula section primulas can be evergreen or herbaceous perennials, forming a rosette of oblong or obovate leaves and with clusters or umbels of salver-shaped flowers in winter or spring

P. veris is a semi-evergreen perennial to 25cm, with a rosette of distinctly stalked, oblong-ovate leaves and upright stems bearing umbels of nodding, bell-shaped, fragrant rich yellow flowers 1.5cm in width

Other common names

  • Bedlam cowslip
  • fairy cup
  • galligaskins
  • gaskins
  • herb Peter
  • key flower
  • keywort
  • lady's bunch of keys
  • lady's candlestick
  • lady's keys
  • lady's seal
  • luck flower
  • paggles
  • paigle
  • paiglewort
  • palseywort
  • paralysis
  • petty mullein
  • primerole
  • primet
  • St Peter's wort

Synonym(s)

  • Primula macrocalyx
  • Primula montana

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow as biennials for bedding and in a container or rock garden. Favours a sheltered position in sun or partial shade

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed or root basal cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Low Maintenance, Wildflower meadow or Wildlife Gardens


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be attacked by aphids, vine weevil, slugs, leaf and bud eelworms and glasshouse red spider mite

Diseases

May be subject to a leaf spot and grey mould