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Primula vulgaris (Pr/Prim) AGM

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© Mike L. Grant 1998

Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Clump-forming

Origin

Native to the UK

Fragrance

Flower

Resilience

Hardiness

H7 (very hardy)

Colour

Flower

Pale Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

Up to 10 cm

Ultimate spread

0-0.1 metre

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

primrose

Family

Primulaceae


Primula are herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennials, forming a basal rosette of simple leaves, with salver-shaped or bell-shaped flowers which may be solitary or carried in an umbel or in whorls on an erect stem

Primroses are rosette-forming herbaceous perennials, sometimes grown as annuals, with clusters of solitary flowers arising from the rosette in late winter or early spring

P. vulgaris is a perennial forming a rosette of tongue-shaped leaves, with many scented, usually primrose-yellow flowers 2.5-3.5cm across, in early spring

Other common names

  • blue primrose
  • culver keys

Synonym(s)

  • Primula acaulis
  • Primula grandiflora
  • Primula uniflora Gmelin
  • Primula vernalis

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow as biennials for bedding and in a container or rock garden. Favours a sheltered position in sun or partial shade

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed or root basal cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Low Maintenance, Wildflower meadow, Wildlife Gardens or Banks and Slopes


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be attacked by aphids, vine weevil, slugs, leaf and bud eelworms, leaf-mining flies and glasshouse red spider mite

Diseases

May be subject to a leaf spot and grey mould