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Prunus domestica 'Czar' (C) AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree or Fruit (edible)

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer

Fruit

Dark Blue in Summer

Size

Ultimate height

2.5-4 metres

Ultimate spread

2.5-4 metres

Time to ultimate height

5-10 years


Preferred common name

plum 'Czar'

Family

Rosaceae


Prunus can be deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs with showy flowers in spring, and often good autumn foliage colour. Some have edible fruit in autumn, and a few species have ornamental bark

'Czar' is a compact, reliably fruiting, self-fertile culinary plum to 2.5-4m in height depending upon the rootstock. White flower in spring, fruits very deep blue in early August

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Keep a weed-free area of at least 60cm radius around trunk. Thin fruits if necessary. Irrigate in dry periods. Less susceptible to frost damage than many other cultivars

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Neutral
  • Loam or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by budding or grafting onto a clonal rootstock. The rootstock used with effect the size of the plant

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural, Cottage/Informal Garden or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

Regular pruning required according to tree form

Pests

Can get aphids, caterpillars, fruit tree red spider mite, brown scale, plum moth and bullfinches

Diseases

Susceptible to silver leaf