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Pteris cretica AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Fern

Habit

Tufted

Resilience

Hardiness

H1c (heated greenhouse - warm temperate)

Colour

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

0.5-1 metres

Ultimate spread

0.1-0.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

5-10 years


Preferred common name

Cretan brake

Family

Pteridaceae


Pteris can be evergreen, semi-evergreen or deciduous ferns, with short or long rhizomes and fronds that may be pinnate to 4-pinnate

P. cretica is a tufted evergreen fern to 60cm in height, with long-stalked erect fronds pinnately divided into 3-5 pairs of linear, dark green leaflets which are narrower on the fertile fronds

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Part shade
  • Full shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow outdoors in moist but well-drained soil with plenty of added leaf-mould or in a container under glass with added limestone chips in high humidity

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Alkaline or Neutral
  • Loam, Chalk or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by sowing spores as soon as ripe or division of rhizomes in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Low Maintenance, Rock Garden, Patio/Container Plants or Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs


How to care

Pruning

Dead or damaged fronds may be removed as necessary

Pests

Generally pest free outdoors but under glass may be susceptible to scale insects and eelworms

Diseases

Sooty mould may be a problem