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Sambucus nigra f. laciniata AGM

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Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Fragrance

Flower

Toxicity

All parts may cause discomfort if ingested although the berries can be edible if cooked

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer

Fruit

Black and Purple in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

2.5-4 metres

Ultimate spread

2.5-4 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

cut-leaved elder

Family

Adoxaceae


Sambucus can be herbaceous perennials, deciduous shrubs or small trees, with pinnate leaves and umbels or panicles of small creamy-white flowers followed by red, white or black berries

'Laciniata' is a large, bushy deciduous shrub with deeply dissected, fern-like leaves and flat heads of small creamy-white flowers in summer, followed by glossy purple-black berries

Other common names

  • fern-leaved elder
  • parsley-leaved elder

Synonym(s)

  • Sambucus nigra 'Laciniata'

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, East-facing, South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered or Exposed

Cultivation

Easy to grow in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soils and also thrives on extremely chalky sites

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by softwood cuttings in early summer or hardwood cuttings in winter. Propagate by seed sown in the open ground or containers in the autumn

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Coastal, Low Maintenance, Hedging/Screens or Wildlife Gardens


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1 or coppice every 3 to 4 years. Tolerates hard size-restricting pruning

Pests

Can get blackfly and glasshouse red spider mite

Diseases

May be subject to verticillium wilt