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Maianthemum racemosum AGM

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© RHS 2000

Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Clump-forming

Fragrance

Flower

Toxicity

Resilience

Hardiness

H7 (very hardy)

Colour

Flower

Cream in Spring

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer

Fruit

Green in Summer
Red in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

0.5-1 metres

Ultimate spread

0.1-0.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

false spikenard

Family

Asparagaceae


Maianthemum are rhizomatous perennials with erect or arching stems bearing alternate leaves and small star-shaped flowers in terminal racemes or panicles, followed by red berries

M. racemosum is an herbaceous perennial to 75cm, the arching stems with broad-elliptic leaves and fluffy terminal panicles of fragrant creamy-white flowers, sometimes followed by reddish berries. Yellow autumn colour

Other common names

  • American spikenard
  • wild spikenard

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Part shade
  • Full shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, East-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in moderately fertile, humus-rich, lime-free, moist but well-drained soil in partial or deep shade. Shelter from cold winds

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid or Neutral
  • Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed in pots in a cold frame in autumn. Propagate by division of rhizomes in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Flower borders and beds or Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

Generally disease free