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Trachycarpus fortunei AGM

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© RHS 2001

Characteristics

Plant type

Conservatory/Greenhouse, Palm or Tree

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Pale Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Black and Dark Blue in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

1.5-2.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

Chusan palm

Family

Arecaceae


Trachycarpus are dioecious evergreen palms with stout, solitary stems bearing rounded leaves palmately divided into linear segments, with pendulous panicles of small flowers followed on female plants by globose fruits

T. fortunei is a dioecious evergreen palm forming a small tree with a stout, fibre-covered trunk bearing a terminal tuft of deeply divided, fan-shaped dark green leaves to 1m in width, and large arching sprays of small, light yellow flowers

Other common names

  • Chinese windmill palm
  • hemp palm
  • Nepalese fan palm
  • windmill palm

Synonym(s)

  • Chamaerops excelsa misapplied
  • Chamaerops fortunei

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in any well-drained, fertile soil in full sun or lightly dappled shade. Needs protection from strong or cold drying winds and will need protection from hard winter frosts. Can also be grown as a conservatory or warm glasshouse specimen

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Loam, Chalk or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by seed sown at not less than 25ÂșC

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Drought Resistant, Architectural, City/Courtyard Gardens, Mediterranean Climate Plants or Patio/Container Plants


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

Generally disease free