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Viola cornuta AGM

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© RHS

Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Mat forming

Fragrance

Flower

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Pale Purple in Spring and Summer

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

0.1-0.5 metres

Ultimate spread

0.1-0.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

horned pansy

Family

Violaceae


Viola can be annuals, biennials or deciduous or evergreen perennials, with simple or pinnately lobed leaves and 5-petalled flowers of characteristic shape

V. cornuta is a spreading evergreen perennial to 20cm in height, with lance-shaped leaves and long-spurred, light violet flowers 3cm across

Other common names

  • baby faces
  • bedding pansy
  • horned violet
  • Pyrenean violet
  • tufted pansy
  • viola

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, East-facing or West-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Clay, Loam, Chalk or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by division in spring or autumn

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Garden Edging, Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs or Patio/Container Plants


How to care

Pruning

Deadhead to prolong flowering. After flowering cut back vigorous plants to keep compact

Pests

May be attacked by slugs, snails, aphids, glasshouse red spider mite and violet gall midge

Diseases

May be subject to powdery mildews, pansy leaf spot, a virus and a rust