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Aesculus flava AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree

Habit

Bushy

Toxicity

All parts are mildly poisonous by ingestion

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Yellow in Spring and Summer

Foliage

Red and Yellow in Autumn

Fruit

Green in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

wider than 8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

yellow buckeye

Family

Sapindaceae


Aesculus can be deciduous trees or large shrubs with showy flowers, palmately-lobed leaves and sometimes good autumn colour

A. flava is a large deciduous tree with spreading crown. Leaves divided into 5-7 leaflets, turning red or yellow in autumn. Flowers yellow, in erect racemes, followed by smooth, rounded fruit

Other common names

  • common buckeye
  • sweet buckeye
  • yellow buckeye

Synonym(s)

  • Aesculus octandra

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, East-facing, South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered or Exposed

Cultivation

Only suitable for large gardens; makes a good specimen tree

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Sand, Clay, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed or grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Horse chestnut scale may be a problem

Diseases

Coral spot, leaf blotch and a canker may be a problem