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Chaenomeles × superba 'Nicoline' AGM

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© RHS 1993

Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Fragrance

Fruit

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Red in Spring and Summer

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer

Size

Ultimate height

1-1.5 metres

Ultimate spread

1-1.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

5-10 years


Preferred common name

Japanese quince 'Nicoline'

Family

Rosaceae


Chaenomeles are deciduous, usually spiny shrubs with simple leaves and cup-shaped, 5-petalled flowers, solitary or clustered, in spring, followed by edible often fragrant green or yellow fruits

'Nicoline' is a small deciduous shrub of spreading habit with oblong leaves to 5cm in length, and scarlet flowers 3.5cm in width, followed by apple-like fruits, yellow and fragrant when ripe

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, East-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Sand, Clay, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Banks and Slopes, City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Mediterranean Climate Plants or Wall-side Borders


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 2

Pests

May be attacked by scale insects and aphids

Diseases

May be subject to a canker