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Betula pendula 'Laciniata' AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree

Habit

Pendulous/Weeping

Resilience

Hardiness

H7 (very hardy)

Colour

Flower

Brown in Spring

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer
Yellow in Autumn

Fruit

Brown in Summer

Stem

White in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

wider than 8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

Swedish birch

Family

Betulaceae


Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring

'Laciniata' is a slender medium-sized deciduous tree of open habit. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. Leaves oval, attractively incised with narrow lobes; yellow in autumn. Flowers in brown catkins

Other common names

  • Swedish birch

Synonym(s)

  • Betula pendula 'Dalecarlica' misapplied
  • Betula pendula f. crispa

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, East-facing, South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered or Exposed

Cultivation

Will grow in a wide range of situations

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by softwood cuttings or grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Wildlife Gardens, Low Maintenance or Architectural


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Sawflies, aphids and leaf- mining sawflies may be a problem

Diseases

A rust and a leaf spot may be a problem