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Dracaena marginata 'Tricolor' (v) AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Conservatory/Greenhouse, Shrub or Houseplant

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H1b (heated greenhouse - subtropical)

Colour

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Cream, Green and Red in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Yellow in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

1.5-2.5 metres

Ultimate spread

1.5-2.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

5-10 years


Preferred common name

three-coloured Madagascar dragon tree

Family

Asparagaceae


Dracaena are evergreen trees, the few branches bearing linear to lance-shaped leaves often crowded towards the tips; on mature plants, small greenish-white flowers may be followed by orange or red berries

'Tricolor' is an erect, sparsely-branched evergreen shrub with narrow, arching leaves striped with cream, the margins becoming crimson with age

Synonym(s)

  • Dracaena cincta 'Tricolor'
  • Dracaena 'Tricolour'

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered or Exposed

Cultivation

Under glass grow in loam-based potting compost in full light and shade from hot sun and with moderate humidity. Water freely and apply a balanced liquid fertiliser monthly from spring to autumn and keep just moist in winter. If growth is weak, plants can be cut back to within 15cm of the base in spring. Tolerant of low light levels indoors

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Sand, Clay, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings or leafless stem sections in spring with bottom heat

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Patio/Container Plants


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

Glasshouse red spider mite and scale insects may be a problem under glass

Diseases

Generally disease free