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Eriobotrya japonica (F) AGM

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© RHS 2003

Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Fragrance

Flower

Resilience

Hardiness

H3 (half hardy - unheated greenhouse/mild winter)

Colour

Flower

White in Autumn and Winter

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Orange and Yellow in Spring

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

loquat

Family

Rosaceae


Eriobotrya are spreading evergreen shrubs or trees with simple, leathery leaves and small white flowers in panicles, followed by succulent fruits

E. japonica is a large evergreen shrub with handsome glossy leaves to 20cm in length, brown-felted beneath. Flowers 2cm in width, hawthorn-like, scented. Fruit 4cm, apricot-yellow, edible but seldom ripening in most of UK

Other common names

  • Japanese loquat
  • Japanese medlar
  • Japanese plum
  • nispero

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Under glass grow in loam-based potting compost in full or bright filtered light with good ventilation. Water moderately and apply a balanced liquid fertiliser monthly when in growth and keep just moist in winter. Can be grown outdoors in most fertile soils

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid, Neutral or Alkaline
  • Sand, Clay, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed at 13 to 16 °C in spring or take semi-hardwood cuttings in summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural, City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Low Maintenance or Wall-side Borders


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1, may need restrictive pruning under glass

Pests

Mealybugs may be a problem under glass

Diseases

Generally disease free