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Erythronium californicum AGM

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Characteristics

Plant type

Bulb

Habit

Tufted

Fragrance

Flower

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Cream and Red in Spring

Foliage

Brown and Green in Spring and Summer

Size

Ultimate height

0.1-0.5 metres

Ultimate spread

0-0.1 metre

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

fawn lily

Family

Liliaceae


Erythronium are bulbous perennials with paired, ovate or broadly elliptic leaves, and leafless stems bearing one or more nodding, star-shaped flowers with recurved petals

E. californicum is a bulbous perennial with a pair of elliptic, slightly mottled, rich green leaves and stems to 30cm bearing up to 3 nodding flowers 5-6cm in width. Flowers slightly scented, creamy-white with reddish markings in the throat

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Plant 10cm deep in fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil that does not dry out. Bulbs in storage must be kept slightly damp

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Sand, Clay, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by division after flowering

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Patio/Container Plants, Rock Garden or Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

Slugs may be a problem

Diseases

Generally disease free