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Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' (F) AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Fruit (edible) or Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H4 (hardy - average winter)

Colour

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer

Fruit

Green and Purple in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

2.5-4 metres

Ultimate spread

2.5-4 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

fig 'Brown Turkey'

Family

Moraceae


Ficus can be evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs or climbers, with often leathery, simple, entire or lobed leaves and tiny flowers borne within a hollow receptacle which enlarges to form the fruit

'Brown Turkey' is a large deciduous shrub with bold, deeply lobed leaves and insignificant flowers followed by edible fruit to 10cm in length, at first green, but purplish when ripe. Usually one crop of fruit per year, but sometimes two in a hot summer or under protection

Synonym(s)

  • Ficus carica 'San Piero'

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Best grown fan-trained against a warm wall or fence, using a root restriction method such as a box of paving slabs with the bottom filled with a warm layer of rubble or broken crocks. Also suitable for cultivation in a container

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Neutral or Alkaline
  • Sand, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural, City/Courtyard Gardens, Cottage/Informal Garden, Wall-side Borders or Mediterranean Climate Plants


How to care

Pruning

In March remove a proportion (1/4 to 1/3) of older branches

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

Generally disease free