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Ficus rubiginosa AGM

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© RHS 2003

Characteristics

Plant type

Conservatory/Greenhouse or Tree

Habit

Bushy

Toxicity

Resilience

Hardiness

H1b (heated greenhouse - subtropical)

Colour

Flower

Green in Summer

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Brown and Green in Autumn and Winter
Green in Summer

Size

Ultimate height

8-12 metres

Ultimate spread

wider than 8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

Port Jackson fig

Family

Moraceae


Ficus can be evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs or climbers, with often leathery, simple, entire or lobed leaves and tiny flowers borne within a hollow receptacle which enlarges to form the fruit

F. rubiginosa is a large, spreading evergreen tree to 10m in height or more, with leathery dark green, oblong or elliptic leaves to 15cm in length, at first rusty-hairy. Small greenish fruits ripen to greenish-brown

Other common names

  • Botany Bay fig
  • little-leaf fig
  • New South Wales banyan tree
  • rusty fig
  • rusty-leaved fig

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Under glass grow in loam-based potting compost with added fine bark chippings in full or filtered light. When in growth water moderately and apply a nitrogen rich fertiliser monthly. Keep just moist in winter. Plants benefit from regular misting and from being stood on a pebble tray, particularly in a warm dry atmosphere. Their main requirement is an even temperature, in winter not below 13°C and without the sharp fluctuations found in so many houses. Avoid draughty situations and keep them away from heater fumes

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Sand, Clay, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed at 15 - 21°C in spring or by semi-hardwood or leaf-bud cuttings in spring or summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Low Maintenance or Patio/Container Plants


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Under glass, glasshouse red spider mite and scale insects maybe a problem

Diseases

Generally disease free