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Abies balsamea Hudsonia Group

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© RHS 2000

Characteristics

Plant type

Conifer or Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

0.5-1 metres

Ultimate spread

1-1.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

Hudson fir

Family

Pinaceae


Abies are evergreen conifers, often very tall, with whorled branches bearing flattened, linear leaves, often whitish beneath, and on the upper branches, large cones which break up whilst attached to the tree

Hudsonia Group are slow-growing dwarf evergreen conifers, with a compact bun-shaped habit, rather broader than tall, and closely branched stems bearing dense, short dark green needles

Synonym(s)

  • Abies balsamea f. hudsonia

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in moist but well-drained slightly acidic soil. Protect from cold winds. Does not produce cones

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid or Neutral
  • Loam, Clay or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural, City/Courtyard Gardens, Low Maintenance, Rock Garden, Gravel Garden or Patio/Container Plants


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

Can get aphids and adelgids

Diseases

Generally disease free