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Cardamine pratensis

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© Mike L. Grant 1999

Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Columnar/Upright

Origin

Native to the UK

Resilience

Hardiness

H7 (very hardy)

Colour

Flower

White and Pale Pink in Spring

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer

Size

Ultimate height

0.1-0.5 metres

Ultimate spread

0.1-0.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

cuckoo flower

Family

Brassicaceae


Cardamine are herbaceous perennials with simple, palmately or pinnately divided leaves and short racemes of 4-petalled white, yellow, pink or purplish flowers in spring or summer

C. pratensis is a perennial to 40cm, forming a basal rosette of pinnate leaves with rounded leaflets, with erect leafy stems bearing short open racemes of 4-petalled, pale pink or white flowers 1.5cm across in late spring

Other common names

  • bread and milk
  • cuckoo bread
  • cuckoo buds
  • cuckoo spit
  • lady's flower
  • lady's smock
  • mayflower
  • meadow bittercress
  • meadow cress
  • spinks
  • spring cress

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Part shade
  • Full shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Suitable for growing in a flower border, rock garden or woodland

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed or division

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Wildflower meadow or Wildlife Gardens


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

Can get aphids and flea beetles

Diseases

Generally disease free