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Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata' AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree

Habit

Columnar/Upright

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Green in Spring

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer
Yellow in Autumn

Fruit

Pale Brown in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

wider than 8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

hornbeam 'Fastigiata'

Family

Betulaceae


Carpinus are deciduous shrubs and trees with attractive foliage and hop-like fruit clusters in late summer and autumn

'Fastigiata' is a medium-sized deciduous tree; crown narrow when young, becoming compact and ovoid. Leaves ovate, ribbed and finely serrate, turning yellow in autumn. Fruiting catkins conspicuous, to 8cm in length

Synonym(s)

  • Carpinus betulus 'Pyramidalis'

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, East-facing, South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered or Exposed

Cultivation

Good in woodland settings

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by softwood cuttings or by grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Can get caterpillars and aphids

Diseases

Powdery mildews and coral spot may occur