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Nandina domestica

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

old H3 (may need winter protection)

Colour

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Green in Autumn and Summer
Purple in Spring and Winter

Fruit

Red in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

1-1.5 metres

Ultimate spread

1-1.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

heavenly bamboo

Family

Berberidaceae


Nandina are erect, evergreen shrubs with pinnate to 3-pinnate leaves composed of lance-shaped leaflets which colour well in autumn, and panicles of small, star-shaped white flowers, followed by bright red fruits

N. domestica is an elegant small evergreen shrub of upright, bamboo-like habit, the compound leaves with lanceolate leaflets, purplish when young and again in winter. Small white flowers in large panicles are followed by red berries

Other common names

  • Chinese sacred bamboo
  • sacred bamboo

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • East-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in a moist but well-drained soil in a sheltered position in full sun

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Sand, Clay, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed or semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural, City/Courtyard Gardens, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Low Maintenance or Rock Garden


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 9

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

May be subject to a virus