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Papaver orientale var. bracteatum

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© RHS 1998

Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Clump-forming

Resilience

Hardiness

H7 (very hardy)

Colour

Flower

Dark Purple and Dark Red in Spring and Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer

Size

Ultimate height

0.5-1 metres

Ultimate spread

0.5-1 metres

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

great scarlet poppy

Family

Papaveraceae


Papaver can be annuals, biennials or herbaceous perennials with simple or pinnately divided leaves and short-lived, saucer-shaped, 4-petalled flowers which may be solitary or in racemes

P. orientale var. bracteatum is an herbaceous perennial to 1m in height, with bristly, pinnate basal leaves and erect, unbranched stems bearing 10cm in width, deep red flowers 10-15cm across, each petal with a blackish-purple spot at base

Other common names

  • great scarlet poppy

Synonym(s)

  • Papaver bracteatum

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in deep, fertile, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. May need support

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Neutral, Acid or Alkaline
  • Chalk, Loam, Clay or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by division in spring or propagate by root cuttings in late autumn to early winter

Suggested planting locations and garden types

City/Courtyard Gardens, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

Cut down once flowers fade and foliage looks tatty

Pests

Aphids may be a problem

Diseases

May be subject to a downy mildew and fungal wilts