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Philodendron bipinnatifidum AGM

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© RHS 2003

Characteristics

Plant type

Conservatory/Greenhouse or Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Toxicity

All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested and the contact with the sap may irritate the skin or eyes

Resilience

Hardiness

H1c (heated greenhouse - warm temperate)

Colour

Flower

Cream and Purple in Summer

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

2.5-4 metres

Ultimate spread

2.5-4 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

horsehead philodendron

Family

Araceae


Philodendron can be shrubs, trees or climbers, with glossy, leathery, evergreen, simple to pinnately divided leaves, and tiny flowers borne within arum-like white, green or reddish spathes

P. bipinnatifidum is an evergreen shrub with long-stalked leaves to 1m in length, pinnately divided into narrow, undulate, dark green lobes. Purple and cream spathes 30cm in length appear occasionally

Other common names

  • fiddle-leaf philodendron
  • panda plant

Synonym(s)

  • Philodendron selloum

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow under glass in a loam-based potting compost in bright filtered light with shade from hot sun, mist daily. When in growth water moderately and apply a balanced liquid fertilizer monthly. Water sparingly at other times

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed surface sown at 19 to 24 °C in spring or layer in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Low Maintenance or Patio/Container Plants


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 11 in spring

Pests

May be attacked by scale insects and glasshouse red spider mite

Diseases

Generally disease free