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Pinus ponderosa

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Characteristics

Plant type

Tree or Conifer

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H7 (very hardy)

Colour

Flower

Pale Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Dark Brown in Autumn

Stem

Dark Brown in

Size

Ultimate height

Higher than 12 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

western yellow pine

Family

Pinaceae


Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

P. ponderosa is an evergreen conifer making a large tree with handsome, scaly brown bark. Needles dark green, to 25cm in length, mostly clustered at branch ends. Cones about 15cm in length

Other common names

  • ponderosa pine
  • trucker pine

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in any well-drained soil. Good in coastal area and sandy soils

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Sand, Clay, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed sown in containers in a cold frame in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural, Coastal or Cottage/Informal Garden


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be attacked by adelgids, conifer aphid species, sawfly and pine shoot moth

Diseases

May be subject to various needle cast diseases