Skip to site navigation

Rhus typhina

Home  |  Plants > Plant Selector > Rhus typhina

© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub

Habit

Suckering

Toxicity

All parts are highly toxic if ingested. Contact with foliage may aggravate skin allergies

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Green and Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer
Orange and Red in Autumn

Fruit

Dark Red in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

stag's horn sumach

Family

Anacardiaceae


Rhus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or trees with simple, pinnate or palmately-divided leaves often colouring brilliantly in autumn, and inconspicuous yellow flowers in spring or summer, followed by small, spherical red fruits in dense clusters

R. typhina is a large suckering deciduous shrub to 6m, the red-hairy stems with large pinnate leaves turning red and orange in autumn. Dioecious, with yellow-green flower clusters, followed on female plants by dense crimson fruiting heads

Other common names

  • green-flowered sumach
  • staghorn sumac
  • velvet sumac
  • vinegar tree
  • Virginian sumach

Synonym(s)

  • Rhus hirta

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to obtain best autumn colour. Remove suckers

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Sand, Clay, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed or semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 7

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

May be subject to coral spot and verticillium wilt