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Chamaerops humilis AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Palm, Houseplant or Conservatory/Greenhouse

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H4 (hardy - average winter)

Colour

Flower

Yellow in Spring and Summer

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

1.5-2.5 metres, 1-1.5 metres

Ultimate spread

1-1.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

dwarf fan palm

Family

Arecaceae


Chamaerops is a single species of evergreen palm with several erect stems bearing large, rounded leaves deeply cut into linear segments; insignificant flowers are borne in panicles from the lower leaf axils, followed by small, date-like fruits

C. humilis is a bushy evergreen palm making a medium-sized shrub, often stemless or multi-stemmed, with a rounded mass of fan-shaped leaves to 45cm in length. Short rigid panicles of small yellow flowers are borne on mature plants only

Other common names

  • African hair palm
  • European fan palm

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Part shade

Aspect

  • North-facing or East-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow under glass or as a houseplant in a loam-based compost in bright, indirect light. When in growth water moderately and feed with a balanced fertiliser once a month. Water sparingly in winter

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid or Neutral
  • Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed or suckers

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural, Patio/Container Plants, City/Courtyard Gardens or Coastal


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

glasshouse red spider mite may be a problem under glass

Diseases

False smut may attack leaves