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Cornus mas

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© RHS

Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Yellow in Winter

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer
Purple in Autumn

Fruit

Red in Autumn and Summer

Size

Ultimate height

2.5-4 metres

Ultimate spread

2.5-4 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

Cornelian cherry

Family

Cornaceae


Cornus can be deciduous shrubs or trees, or creeping, woody-based perennials, some with brightly coloured young stems. Tiny flowers are borne in dense clusters, sometimes with showy bracts. Many have fine autumn colour

C. mas is a deciduous shrub with oval leaves turning purple in autumn; small clusters of tiny, bright yellow flowers open in late winter, to be followed by glossy red, cherry-like fruits

Other common names

  • cornel
  • edible dogwood
  • sorbet

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Sand, Clay, Chalk or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by semi-hardwood or hardwood cuttings or grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds or Hedging/Screens


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

Generally disease free