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Pinus mugo Pumilio Group

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© RHS

Characteristics

Plant type

Conifer or Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Pale Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Brown in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

2.5-4 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

more than 50 years


Preferred common name

dwarf mountain pine Pumilio Group

Family

Pinaceae


Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

Pumilio Group are spreading, low, bushy evergreen conifers making small shrubs with dark green needles to 4cm long, and small, ovoid, brown cones

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in any well-drained soil. Looks good in a large rock garden

Soil

  • Well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Loam, Chalk, Clay or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden or Flower borders and beds


How to care

Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be attacked by adelgids, aphids, sawflies/sawfly and pine shoot moth

Diseases

May be subject to pine needle cast