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Cordyline australis AGM

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree

Habit

Tufted

Fragrance

Flower

Resilience

Hardiness

H3 (half hardy - unheated greenhouse/mild winter)

Colour

Flower

Cream and White in Summer

Foliage

Pale Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Fruit

Blue and White in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

2.5-4 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

cabbage palm

Family

Asparagaceae


Cordyline are palm-like evergreen shrubs or tree-like perennials, with rosettes or tufts of linear or anrrowly lance-shaped, leathery leaves, and terminal panicles of fragrant, cup-shaped flowers followed by small. spherical berries

C. australis is a small evergreen tree with several stout branches arising from a single trunk. Leaves long, sword-shaped, in dense clusters at the branch tips. Large panicles of small, fragrant cream flowers

Other common names

  • cabbage tree
  • New Zealand cabbage palm
  • New Zealand dragon plant
  • palm lily

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in a sheltered position in full sun or partial shade

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed or suckers

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Drought Resistant, Low Maintenance or Architectural


How to care

Pruning

Not usually pruned

Pests

Can get scale insects and glasshouse red spider mite under glass

Diseases

May be susceptible to Cordyline slime flux