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Cornus kousa var. chinensis

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© RHS 1993

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree or Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Toxicity

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Cream in Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer
Red and Dark Orange in Autumn

Fruit

Dark Pink in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

Chinese dogwood

Family

Cornaceae


Cornus can be deciduous shrubs or trees, or creeping, woody-based perennials, some with brightly coloured young stems. Tiny flowers are borne in dense clusters, sometimes with showy bracts. Many have fine autumn colour

C. kousa var. chinensis is a large, free-flowering deciduous shrub or small tree, with ovate leaves turning red and orange in autumn. Flower-heads with four ovate cream bracts 4-6cm in length. Fruit deep pink, strawberry like

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • North-facing, East-facing, South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered or Exposed

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by semi-hardwood or hardwood cuttings or grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Architectural or Low Maintenance


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

May suffer from cornus anthracnose diseases