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Corylus avellana (F)

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub or Tree

Habit

Spreading / Branched

Origin

Native to the UK

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer
Yellow in Autumn

Fruit

Green and Pale Brown in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

hazel

Family

Betulaceae


Corylus are deciduous trees and large shrubs with broad leaves, and showy male catkins in early spring, followed by edible nuts

C. avellana is a large, spreading deciduous shrub or small tree, with rounded leaves turning yellow in autumn, and yellow male catkins in early spring, followed by edible nuts in autumn

Other common names

  • cobnut
  • common filbert
  • European hazelnut
  • hale nut
  • hazel nut
  • hazelnut
  • stock nut
  • wood nut

Synonym(s)

  • Corylus avellana cobnut

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grows well in chalky soil in sun or partial shade

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Alkaline or Neutral
  • Loam, Chalk or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by seed or layer

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Wildflower meadow or Wildlife Gardens


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 7

Pests

Can get caterpillars, gall mites, aphids and sawflies; squirrels eat the nuts

Diseases

Generally disease free