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Corylus maxima 'Purpurea' (F)

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Yellow in Winter

Foliage

Dark Purple in Autumn, Spring and Summer

Fruit

Purple in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

2.5-4 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

purple-leaved filbert

Family

Betulaceae


Corylus are deciduous trees and large shrubs with broad leaves, and showy male catkins in early spring, followed by edible nuts

'Purpurea' is a large deciduous shrub to 6m, with broad, deep purple leaves to 12cm in length. Pendulous pale yellow catkins on leafless twigs in late winter are followed by edible nuts concealed by a tubular husk

Synonym(s)

  • Corylus maxima 'Purple Filbert'

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grows well in chalky soil in sun or partial shade. For fruit production, grow as a goblet-shaped bush. Keep clear soil in a 60cm radius around trunk

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Wildflower meadow or Wildlife Gardens


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Prone to caterpillars, sawflies and aphids

Diseases

Generally disease free