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Viola 'Clementina' (Va) AGM

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© RHS

Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Bushy

Fragrance

Flower

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Dark Purple in Spring and Summer

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter

Size

Ultimate height

0.1-0.5 metres

Ultimate spread

0.1-0.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

viola 'Clementina'

Family

Violaceae


Viola can be annuals, biennials or deciduous or evergreen perennials, with simple or pinnately lobed leaves and 5-petalled flowers of characteristic shape

Violas are compact reliably perennial, clump-forming plants with a complex root system and rounded, more or less fragrant flowers, often with darker rays, over a long period in late spring and summer

'Clementina' is a tufted evergreen perennial to 15cm tall, with ovate leaves and yellow-eyed, violet-purple flowers 3cm long in spring and summer

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Sand, Clay or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed sown in late winter or early spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types

City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Garden Edging, Rock Garden or Patio/Container Plants


How to care

Pruning

Cut back after flowering

Pests

May be attacked by slugs, snails, aphids, glasshouse red spider mite and violet gall midge

Diseases

May be subject to powdery mildews, pansy leaf spot, a virus and a rust