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Crataegus monogyna

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© RHS 2002

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree

Habit

Bushy

Origin

Native to the UK

Toxicity

Fruit may cause mild stomach upset if ingested

Resilience

Hardiness

H7 (very hardy)

Colour

Flower

Cream in Spring

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer

Fruit

Dark Red in Autumn

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

20-50 years


Preferred common name

common hawthorn

Family

Rosaceae


Crataegus are deciduous trees and shrubs, usually with spiny branches, lobed or toothed leaves, and clusters of creamy-white flowers followed by red or black fruits. Some have fine autumn colour

C. monogyna is a small, rounded deciduous tree with glossy, deeply lobed leaves and flat sprays of cream flowers, followed by dark red berries in autumn

Other common names

  • hedgerow thorn
  • may

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, North-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Useful specimen trees for town, coastal or exposed gardens. Can be used for hedging

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Clay, Sand or Loam

Propagation

Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden, Hedging/Screens, Wildflower meadow or Wildlife Gardens


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Prone to caterpillars, gall mites and aphids

Diseases

May be affected by a leaf spot and fireblight