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Pyrus communis 'Joséphine de Malines' (D) AGM

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© RHS 1999

Characteristics

Plant type

Fruit (edible)

Habit

Bushy, Columnar/Upright

Resilience

Hardiness

H6 (hardy - very cold winter)

Colour

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer

Size

Ultimate height

4-8 metres

Ultimate spread

4-8 metres

Time to ultimate height

5-10 years


Preferred common name

pear 'Joséphine de Malines'

Family

Rosaceae


Pyrus are deciduous trees or shrubs with oval leaves and scented white flowers in spring, followed by green or brown fruits, edible in some species

<big><font size="1" face="FSAlbert-Regular"><font size="1" face="FSAlbert-Regular"><font size="2">'Joséphine de Malines’ is a dessert pear with a very rich, buttery and perfumed flavour. This cultivar needs a warm site. Crops are good and reliable and, though they bruise easily, fruit can be used from November through to December/January. Pollination group 3 </font></font></font> </big>

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Plant in a sunny position in moist, but well-drained soil. Flowers early and so at risk from spring frosts. Needs another cultivar for pollination. Keep a weed free area of 60cm radius around the trunk. Thin fruit if necessary

Soil

  • Well-drained or Moist but well-drained
  • Neutral
  • Loam, Clay or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by grafting or budding onto a clonal rootstock for fruit; quince rootstocks are usually used. The rootstock used will affect plant size

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Wall-side Borders or Cottage/Informal Garden


How to care

Pruning

As this cultivar is a tip bearer, it is best grown as a bush, not as a cordon or other restricted form. Prune in winter. Further pruning advice: pruning new pear trees, summer pear pruning, winter pear pruning, renovating pear trees

Pests

May be attacked by aphids, caterpillars, codling moth, bullfinches, gall midges and pear blister mite

Diseases

Resistant to pear scab