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Monarda 'Squaw' AGM

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© RHS

Characteristics

Plant type

Herbaceous Perennial

Habit

Bushy

Fragrance

Leaf

Resilience

Hardiness

H4 (hardy - average winter)

Colour

Flower

Red in Autumn and Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring and Summer

Size

Ultimate height

1-1.5 metres

Ultimate spread

0.1-0.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years


Preferred common name

bergamot 'Squaw'

Family

Lamiaceae


Monarda can be annuals or clump-forming herbaceous perennials with aromatic, ovate leaves and terminal whorls of 2-lipped, tubular flowers from summer to early autumn

'Squaw' is a deciduous perennial forming a clump of erect stems to 1.2m tall, with aromatic leaves and bright scarlet flowers above dark red bracts

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun
  • Part shade

Aspect

  • South-facing, West-facing or East-facing
  • Exposed or Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Protect from excessive winter wet and do not allow to dry out in summer. Lift and divide every three years

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Chalk, Loam, Clay or Sand

Propagation

Propagate by division in spring or root basal cuttings in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types

City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds or Wildlife Gardens


How to care

Pruning

Deadhead regularly then cut stems down to the ground in autumn

Pests

May be attacked by slugs

Diseases

May be subject to powdery mildews