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Cydonia oblonga 'Vranja' Nenadovic (F) AGM

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© RHS

Characteristics

Plant type

Tree, Fruit (edible) or Shrub

Habit

Bushy

Fragrance

Fruit

Resilience

Hardiness

H5 (hardy - cold winter)

Colour

Flower

Pink and Pale White in Spring

Foliage

Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer

Fruit

Yellow in Winter

Size

Ultimate height

2.5-4 metres

Ultimate spread

2.5-4 metres

Time to ultimate height

10-20 years


Preferred common name

quince 'Vranja'

Family

Rosaceae


Cydonia are large deciduous shrubs with simple, ovate leaves and 5-petalled, bowl-shaped pink or white flowers, followed by pear-like fruits, edible when ripe

'Vranja' is a large, broad-crowned deciduous shrub, or small tree, with leaves grey-hairy beneath and pink-tinged flowers to 5cm wide. Large pear-shaped, green fragrant fruits become golden-yellow when ripe

How to grow

Sunlight

  • Full sun

Aspect

  • South-facing or West-facing
  • Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in a warm, sheltered spot as flowers are susceptible to frost and warm conditions are needed for the fruit to ripen well. Tolerant to a wide range of soil, but will do best where soil is deep and moisture retentive, so long as it is not prone to waterlogging. Further quince cultivation advice

Soil

  • Moist but well-drained
  • Acid, Alkaline or Neutral
  • Loam or Clay

Propagation

It can be established on its own root and propagated from semi-ripe cuttings in summer, but it is often propagated by grafting onto a clonal rootstock for fruit. The rootstock will determine the size of the plant

Suggested planting locations and garden types

Cottage/Informal Garden


How to care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Generally pest free, can be occasionally affected by pests that can affect apples and pears such as caterpillars and aphids

Diseases

Can suffer from quince leaf blight, brown rot, fireblight and powdery mildew